Jorge Cuadros
OD, OD - Doctor of Optometry PhD PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Jorge Cuadros.


Assistant Clinical Professor

Jorge Cuadros
OD, OD - Doctor of Optometry PhD PhD - Doctor of Philosophy


Assistant Clinical Professor

Additional Job Duties

Director of Informatics Research


University of California, Berkeley, 1980

Medical Information Science, University of California, San Francisco, 2004


Published Books

Title: Teleophthalmology 1st ed. 2006. 2nd printing 2008 Edition
by Yogesan Kanagasingam, Sajeesh Kumar , Leonard Goldschmidt, Jorge Cuadros
ISBN-13: 978-3540705154
ISBN-10: 3540705155

Title: Digital Teleretinal Screening: Teleophthalmology in Practice
by Kanagasingam Yogesan, Leonard Goldschmidt, Jorge Cuadros
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media, 2012
ISBN3642258107, 9783642258107

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Development and Validation of a Deep Learning Algorithm for Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy in Retinal Fundus Photographs.
Gulshan V, Peng L, Coram M, Stumpe MC, Wu D, Narayanaswamy A, Venugopalan S, Widner K, Madams T, Cuadros J, Kim R, Raman R, Nelson PC, Mega JL, Webster DR.JAMA. 2016 Dec 13;316(22):2402-2410. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.17216.PMID: 27898976

The Value of Automated Diabetic Retinopathy Screening with the EyeArt System: A Study of More Than 100,000 Consecutive Encounters from People with Diabetes.
Bhaskaranand M, Ramachandra C, Bhat S, Cuadros J, Nittala MG, Sadda SR, Solanki K.Diabetes Technol Ther. 2019 Nov;21(11):635-643. doi: 10.1089/dia.2019.0164. Epub 2019 Aug 7.PMID: 31335200Free PMC article.

Can Commercially Available Handheld Retinal Cameras Effectively Screen Diabetic Retinopathy?
Cuadros J, Bresnick G.J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2017 Jan;11(1):135-137. doi: 10.1177/1932296816682033. Epub 2016 Dec 18.PMID: 28264174Free PMC article.Review.

Automated Quality Assessment of Colour Fundus Images for Diabetic Retinopathy Screening in Telemedicine.
Saha SK, Fernando B, Cuadros J, Xiao D, Kanagasingam Y.J Digit Imaging. 2018 Dec;31(6):869-878. doi: 10.1007/s10278-018-0084-9.PMID: 29704086Free PMC article.

Blind spots in telemedicine: a qualitative study of staff workarounds to resolve gaps in diabetes management.
Bouskill K, Smith-Morris C, Bresnick G, Cuadros J, Pedersen ER.BMC Health Serv Res. 2018 Aug 7;18(1):617. doi: 10.1186/s12913-018-3427-9.PMID: 30086743Free PMC article.

Central Macular Thickness in Diabetic Patients: A Sex-based Analysis.
Arthur E, Young SB, Elsner AE, Baskaran K, Papay JA, Muller MS, Gast TJ, Haggerty BP, Clark CA, Malinovsky VE, Brahm SG, Litvin TV, Ozawa GY, Cuadros JA.Optom Vis Sci. 2019 Apr;96(4):266-275. doi: 10.1097/OPX.0000000000001363.PMID: 30907864Free PMC article.

Collaborative research and actions on both sides of the US-Mexico border to counteract type 2 diabetes in people of Mexican origin.
Barquera S, Schillinger D, Aguilar-Salinas CA, Schenker M, Rodríguez LA, Hernández-Alcaraz C, Sepúlveda-Amor J; Mexico-California Diabetes collaborative group.Global Health. 2018 Aug 22;14(1):84. doi: 10.1186/s12992-018-0390-5.PMID: 30134925Free PMC article.Review.

Comparison of Cysts in Red and Green Images for Diabetic Macular Edema.
Alhamami MA, Elsner AE, Malinovsky VE, Clark CA, Haggerty BP, Ozawa GY, Cuadros JA, Baskaran K, Gast TJ, Litvin TV, Muller MS, Brahm SG, Young SB, Miura M.Version 2. Optom Vis Sci. 2017 Feb;94(2):137-149. doi: 10.1097/OPX.0000000000001010.PMID: 27846063Free PMC article.

A Revised Approach for the Detection of Sight-Threatening Diabetic Macular Edema.
Litvin TV, Bresnick GH, Cuadros JA, Selvin S, Kanai K, Ozawa GY.JAMA Ophthalmol. 2017 Jan 1;135(1):62-68. doi: 10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.4772.PMID: 27930756

Automated Diabetic Retinopathy Screening and Monitoring Using Retinal Fundus Image Analysis.
Bhaskaranand M, Ramachandra C, Bhat S, Cuadros J, Nittala MG, Sadda S, Solanki K.J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2016 Feb 16;10(2):254-61. doi: 10.1177/1932296816628546.PMID: 26888972Free PMC article.

Predicting optical coherence tomography-derived diabetic macular edema grades from fundus photographs using deep learning.
Varadarajan AV, Bavishi P, Ruamviboonsuk P, Chotcomwongse P, Venugopalan S, Narayanaswamy A, Cuadros J, Kanai K, Bresnick G, Tadarati M, Silpa-Archa S, Limwattanayingyong J, Nganthavee V, Ledsam JR, Keane PA, Corrado GS, Peng L, Webster DR.Nat Commun. 2020 Jan 8;11(1):130. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-13922-8.PMID: 31913272Free PMC article.Clinical Trial.

Utility of hard exudates for the screening of macular edema.
Litvin TV, Ozawa GY, Bresnick GH, Cuadros JA, Muller MS, Elsner AE, Gast TJ.Optom Vis Sci. 2014 Apr;91(4):370-5. doi: 10.1097/OPX.0000000000000205.PMID: 24561961Free PMC article.

Is the future now?
Cuadros J.Optom Vis Sci. 2006 Feb;83(2):62-4. doi: 10.1097/01.opx.0000204538.51374.f3.PMID: 16501404No abstract available.

Improving Accuracy of Grading and Referral of Diabetic Macular Edema Using Location and Extent of Hard Exudates in Retinal Photography.
Litvin TV, Weissenberg CR, Daskivich LP, Zhou Q, Bresnick GH, Cuadros JA.J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2015 Nov 17;10(2):262-70. doi: 10.1177/1932296815617281.PMID: 26581880Free PMC article.

Vessel network detection using contour evolution and color components.
Ushizima DM, Medeiros FN, Cuadros J, Martins CI.Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2010;2010:3129-32. doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2010.5626090.PMID: 21095748

EyePACS: an adaptable telemedicine system for diabetic retinopathy screening.
Cuadros J, Bresnick G.J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2009 May 1;3(3):509-16. doi: 10.1177/193229680900300315.PMID: 20144289Free PMC article.

Diabetic Retinopathy and the Cascade into Vision Loss.
Smith-Morris C, Bresnick GH, Cuadros J, Bouskill KE, Pedersen ER.Med Anthropol. 2020 Feb-Mar;39(2):109-122. doi: 10.1080/01459740.2018.1425839. Epub 2018 Mar 20.PMID: 29338335

EyePACS: an open source clinical communication system for eye care.
Cuadros J, Sim I.Stud Health Technol Inform. 2004;107(Pt 1):207-11.PMID: 15360804

The Real-World Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Diabetic Retinopathy Screening in Primary Care.
Cuadros J.J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2020 Apr 24:1932296820914287. doi: 10.1177/1932296820914287. Online ahead of print.PMID: 32329352

Cuadros J. Telemedicine-based diabetic retinopathy screening programs: an evaluation of utility and cost-effectiveness. Smart Homecare Technology and TeleHealth. 2015;3:119-127

About Dr. Cuadros

Dr. Jorge Cuadros is an optometrist who started his profession in underserved communities in California. The difficulty he faced in finding specialty care for his patients led to a 25 year journey to harness telemedicine to improve access to eye care and blindness prevention. Dr. Cuadros is the founder of EyePACS, a telemedicine program for detecting diabetic eye disease used in over 1000 community health centers providing over 900,000 eye exams. He leads the development of the software and clinical collaboration necessary for EyePACS to provide screening in diverse settings throughout the US and internationally. His interest in chronic disease and the social, behavioral, and institutional barriers to blindness prevention has led to many invited talks throughout the world. He has served as a consultant for preparing acceptable wording for California Assembly Bills 354, 1224, and 175 that provided a legal framework for teleoptometry in California. He conducts clinical trials on several innovative technologies, such as automated retinal image reading, laser imaging devices, and primary care training programs for expanding access to eye care for everyone.